Our Downtown Las Vegas eye doctor, as part of your comprehensive eye exam, check you for various ocular diseases. Dr. Paul Thompson wants you to know that some ocular diseases- such as glaucoma and cataracts- can have no obvious symptoms, particularly in their earliest stages when they are most easily treatable. This is why the importance of regular eye exams cannot be overemphasized. Other ocular diseases- like conjunctivitis- tend to have clear symptoms that will spur you to make an appointment to be examined.
Typically, glaucoma will be diagnosed using some combination of tests by our Downtown Las Vegas eye doctor. At the forefront of testing for glaucoma is tonometry, which involves measuring your internal eye pressure. Since glaucoma is caused by fluid buildup that results in increased eye pressure, the results of this test along with checking your peripheral vision, are sometimes all that is needed to make a determination. If those tests lead Dr. Thompson to suspect glaucoma, other tests may be performed as well. Treatments range from medicated eye drops to oral mediations to surgery in extreme cases where the more mild treatments have proved ineffective.
Cataracts are a cloudy film that forms over the lenses of your eyes. Diagnosis generally is done by a combination of a visual acuity test- how well you see using a standard eye chart- along with dilating your pupils with eye drops and a thorough examination of your lens and other parts of your eyes by our Downtown Las Vegas eye doctor. Cataracts may not require treatment unless they are affecting your quality of life enough to consider the only treatment available: surgery. This is something that Dr. Thompson will discuss with you to determine if and when it is right for you.
Conjunctivitis, better known as pink eye, occurs when the clear, thin tissue covering the whites of your eyes and around the inside of your eyelid becomes inflamed. This leads to rather noticeable symptoms such as itchy, red eyes. Diagnosis is confirmed through an eye exam and sometimes a sample of eye fluid drawn with a cotton swab and tested. Treatment will depend upon whether the infection is bacterial or viral in origin. Bacterial conjunctivitis is often treated with antibiotic eye drops. Viral conjunctivitis must heal on its own as there are no treatments for it.